Various classifications of religious movements have been proposed by scholars.
In the sociology of religion, the most widely used classification is the church-sect typology.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.
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Leaders of sectarian movements (i.e., the formation of a new sect) tend to come from a lower socio-economic class than the members of the parent denomination, a component of sect development that is not yet entirely understood.
Most scholars believe that when sect formation involves social class distinctions, they reflect an attempt to compensate for deficiencies in lower social status.
Many labels are commonly employed by non-sociologists to refer to religions and tend to be used interchangeably.
Sociologists, when speaking technically, will not use these labels interchangeably as they are designations for religions with very specific characteristics.
The denomination lies between the church and the sect on the continuum.