The conventional wisdom used to be that external frames are for trail hiking and internal frames are for off trail hiking.
Most of our hiking is on trails, but the majority of Scouts and adult leaders prefer the internal frame and these have become the most commonly available packs.
Sleeping Pad & Pillow: A closed-cell type foam pad (e.g., insolite or the accordion style by Z-Rest work well) is good to keep out the cold and to preserve the sleeping bag.
Shorter length pads can be purchased, or longer pads can be cut, to reduce the amount of bulk and weight (head to knee length is sufficient).
Save weight by building your own First Aid kit with a Ziplock bag and supplies.
Water Bottles: Two wide mouth plastic water bottles (32 ounce size) that fit inside the larger side pocket of most packs are great but their are lighter options.
Note: sleeping bags should not be stored in the stuff-sack at home, as this will mat the filling, causing a reduction in loft, and thus warmth.
Bags are best stored in “cloth storage bags” or left laying as loose as possible.
Personal Gear (should weigh less than 15 pounds) Backpack and rain cover (garbage bag OK) Sleeping bag in a waterproof stuff sack Sleeping pad (pillow optional) Personal first aid kit Two water bottles – minimum 2 liters total Two small flashlights Scoop and toilet paper Mess Kit (bowl, cup, utensils) Light towel and/or bandanna Sunglasses Carabiner Emergency Food Personal Items (Toothbrush, soap, glasses, contact solution, medicines) Emergency Kit in a bag: compass, pocket knife, sunscreen, chap stick, signaling devices (whistle and mirror), paper and pencil, map in a waterproof bag, matches in a waterproof bag, water purifier tablets, duct tape, insect repellent, two zip lock bags, two garbage bags Nice to Have: Walking Sticks, Stool or Chair, Waterproof Watch, Camera, Mosquito Hat, Wire Saw, Spices for food, Fishing Pole Clothing – including what you wear (Should weigh less than eight pounds): Sturdy hiking boots (broken in) Water shoes/camp shoes 2-3 pair non-cotton socks 2-3 pair sock liners (optional) 2 Hiking shorts or pants (one pair of long pants and something for swimming) 0-2 pair underwear 2 T-shirts and one long sleeve shirt Rain gear or poncho Hat or Cap (Wide Brim) Warm heavy shirt, sweater, sweatshirt or jacket (no cotton) Fleece pants or long underwear bottoms Gloves or glove liners and warm hat Many new backpackers bring too many clothes.
The basic rule is wear one set of clothes and pack one change of clothes unless weather is a major consideration.
(Some ultra light people do not bring any clothes except what they wear.) Each Buddy Team: Two-man tent (count the stakes) and ground cloth (optional) Group Equipment – Distributed among hikers Water filters – Water jugs/bottles/bags Stove and fuel bottles Large and/or medium cooking pots Cook Kit: spatula, serving spoon and/or utensils, measuring cup, camp suds and sponge, bleach, scrubber, Purell Stuff sacks for food Bear bags and rope (50 ft ¼” braided nylon rope, 50 ft 1/8” parachute cord, 2 ft 1/8” nylon cord) or Bear Canisters in some areas Repair Kit (sewing kit, small piece of cloth, safety pins, wire, pliers or Leatherman, superglue, tube, O rings for filter, rope, and more) Troop First Aid Kit (check it every hike) Permits, Maps, Medical Forms Pack List Weights in pounds No one should be carrying the “High Weight”.
It is listed so you can see how much you can save if you are careful.
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